alexa Corneal in vivo confocal scanning laser microscopy in patients with atopic keratoconjunctivitis.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): Hu Y, Matsumoto Y, Adan ES, Dogru M, Fukagawa K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the morphologic alterations of the cornea in atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) using confocal microscopy (Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II-Rostock Cornea Module: HRT-II RCM). DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. PARTICIPANTS: We studied 21 right eyes of 21 AKC patients (11 males, 10 females; mean age, 26.3 years) as well as 19 right eyes of 19 normal subjects (12 males, 7 females; mean age, 28.4 years). METHODS: All subjects underwent corneal sensitivity measurements, Schirmer test, tear film break-up time, fluorescein and Rose Bengal stainings, and HRT-II confocal laser scanning microscopy of the central cornea. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The epithelial and endothelial cell densities of the central cornea, the density of subbasal long nerve fibers (LNFs) and total nerve branches (NBs) of the subbasal nerve plexus were calculated. The morphologic characteristics of the corneal nerves were studied. Correlation between nerve density, tear functions, and ocular surface examination parameters were investigated. RESULTS: The corneal sensitivity, tear stability and vital staining scores were significantly worse in eyes with AKC (P<0.01). Eyes with AKC showed a significantly lower density of basal epithelial cells, LNFs, and NBs compared with normal eyes. Nerve fiber abnormalities such as increased tortuosity, bifurcation abnormality, sharp deflections, and thickening of stromal nerves, as well as several inflammatory cells in close proximity of the subbasal and stromal nerve fibers were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The corneal disease in AKC was associated with significant alterations of the basal epithelium, and subbasal and stromal corneal nerves, which related to the changes in tear functions and corneal sensitivity. Confocal scanning laser microscopy was useful to study the pathological in vivo corneal changes in AKC. This article was published in Ophthalmology and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Global Experts Meeting on Case Reports
    Osaka, Japan October 09-11, 2017
  • 6th Global Experts Meeting on Medical Case Reports
    October 16-18, 2017 San Francisco, California, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords