alexa Coronary plaque component in patients with vasospastic angina: A virtual histology intravascular ultrasound study
Clinical Sciences

Clinical Sciences

Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Tsujita K, Sakamoto K, Kojima S, Takaoka N, Tayama S

Abstract Share this page

Background Coronary spasm plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease. However, tissue components of coronary plaque in patients with vasospastic angina (VSA) have been unknown. This study used virtual histology (VH)-intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to elucidate the tissue component of spastic coronary arteries and its gender differences in patients with VSA. Methods According to acetylcholine provocation tests, the study subjects (42 patients [19 men, 23 women, 61 ± 13 years]) were divided into 2 groups: the VSA group of 26 patients and the non-VSA group of 16 patients. After nitrate injection, IVUS volumetric analysis was done, and the parameters were compared between the groups. Results Although clinical demographics were almost identical between the groups, VSA group had lower plasma adiponectin level (5.9 ± 3.3 μg/ml vs. 11.2 ± 7.6 μg/ml, p = 0.007) and tended to have higher high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (0.15 ± 0.24 mg/dl vs. 0.06 ± 0.04 mg/dl, p = 0.1) than non-VSA group. VSA group had diffusely thickened intima (% plaque volume, 34 ± 11% vs. 27 ± 7%, p = 0.01) compared with non-VSA group. However, plaque components of patients with VSA were similar with that of non-VSA patients (dense calcium, 4 ± 6% vs. 3 ± 4%; necrotic core, 10 ± 9% vs. 8 ± 6%; fibrofatty, 19 ± 16% vs. 22 ± 11%; and fibrous, 67 ± 16% vs. 67 ± 9%). Although male patients with VSA had atherogenic lipid and metabolic profiles than female VSA patients, there were no significant gender differences in the volumetric IVUS parameters and plaque components. Conclusions Compared with non-VSA patients, VSA patients had diffusely thickened fibrous-dominant coronary plaque without gender difference, and that might suggest the role of vasospasm in the development of atherosclerosis.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Subscription
This article was published in Int J Cardiol and referenced in Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version