Author(s): Khushaba RN
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Abstract An inability to adapt myoelectric interfaces to a novel user's unique style of hand motion, or even to adapt to the motion style of an opposite limb upon which the interface is trained, are important factors inhibiting the practical application of myoelectric interfaces. This is mainly attributed to the individual differences in the exhibited electromyogram (EMG) signals generated by the muscles of different limbs. We propose in this paper a multiuser myoelectric interface which easily adapts to novel users and maintains good movement recognition performance. The main contribution is a framework for implementing style-independent feature transformation by using canonical correlation analysis (CCA) in which different users' data is projected onto a unified-style space. The proposed idea is summarized into three steps: 1) train a myoelectric pattern classifier on the set of style-independent features extracted from multiple users using the proposed CCA-based mapping; 2) create a new set of features describing the movements of a novel user during a quick calibration session; and 3) project the novel user's features onto a lower dimensional unified-style space with features maximally correlated with training data and classify accordingly. The proposed method has been validated on a set of eight intact-limbed subjects, left-and-right handed, performing ten classes of bilateral synchronous fingers movements with four electrodes on each forearm. The method was able to overcome individual differences through the style-independent framework with accuracies of > 83\% across multiple users. Testing was also performed on a set of ten intact-limbed and six below-elbow amputee subjects as they performed finger and thumb movements. The proposed framework allowed us to train the classifier on a normal subject's data while subsequently testing it on an amputee's data after calibration with a performance of > 82\% on average across all amputees.
This article was published in IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng
and referenced in Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science