alexa Correlation of serum prostate specific antigen levels and bone scintigraphy in carcinoma prostate
Surgery

Surgery

Medical & Surgical Urology

Author(s): Oommen R, Geethanjali FS, Gopalakrishnan G, Chacko N, John S

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Serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) has been suggested as an accurate means of monitoring prostate cancer. An analysis of PSA levels and bone scan findings was carried out in a heterogeneous group of patients with a view to determine whether PSA can accurately predict bone metastases in carcinoma prostate. Of the 48 patients studied, all 10 untreated cases had elevated PSA levels, eight having bone metastases. In 29 cases on follow-up after treatment of the primary, 10 out of 11 cases with normal PSA had a negative bone scan. In the nine who received hormonal therapy, the PSA levels were generally lower than others in the study group. Two out of four with normal PSA had bone metastases. In 26 cases with positive bone scans, 23 had elevated PSA levels (mean 109.9 ng ml-1). Among 22 patients who had normal bone scans, all 10 with high PSA were found to have soft tissue disease which could explain the elevated PSA. In those with normal PSA, 12 out of 15 patients had negative scans. PSA has fairly high sensitivity (86.5%) and negative predictive value (80%). But it suffers from low specificity (54.5%) and low positive predictive value (69.7%) for bone metastases. In an untreated patient with elevated PSA, a bone scan may be required to exclude bone metastases, whereas during follow-up after treatment, a normal PSA level may obviate a "routine" bone scan.

This article was published in Br J Radiol and referenced in Medical & Surgical Urology

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