Author(s): ter Veld F, Primassin S, Hoffmann L, Mayatepek E, Spiekerkoetter U
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Abstract Long-chain acylcarnitines accumulate in long-chain fatty acid oxidation defects, especially during periods of increased energy demand from fat. To test whether this increase in long-chain acylcarnitines in very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD(-/-)) knock-out mice correlates with acyl-CoA content, we subjected wild-type (WT) and VLCAD(-/-) mice to forced treadmill running and analyzed muscle long-chain acyl-CoA and acylcarnitine with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) in the same tissues. After exercise, long-chain acyl-CoA displayed a significant increase in muscle from VLCAD(-/-) mice [C16:0-CoA, C18:2-CoA and C18:1-CoA in sedentary VLCAD(-/-): 5.95 +/- 0.33, 4.48 +/- 0.51, and 7.70 +/- 0.30 nmol x g(-1) wet weight, respectively; in exercised VLCAD(-/-): 8.71 +/- 0.42, 9.03 +/- 0.93, and 14.82 +/- 1.20 nmol x g(-1) wet weight, respectively (P < 0.05)]. Increase in acyl-CoA in VLCAD-deficient muscle was paralleled by a significant increase in the corresponding chain length acylcarnitine. Exercise resulted in significant lowering of the free carnitine pool in VLCAD(-/-) muscle. This is the first study demonstrating that acylcarnitines and acyl-CoA directly correlate and concomitantly increase after exercise in VLCAD-deficient muscle.
This article was published in J Lipid Res
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism