alexa Corticosterone mediates reciprocal changes in CB 1 and TRPV1 receptors in primary sensory neurons in the chronically stressed rat.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Trials

Author(s): Hong S, Zheng G, Wu X, Snider NT, Owyang C,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic stress is associated with visceral hyperalgesia in functional gastrointestinal disorders. We investigated whether corticosterone plays a role in chronic psychological stress-induced visceral hyperalgesia. METHODS: Male rats were subjected to 1-hour water avoidance (WA) stress or subcutaneous corticosterone injection daily for 10 consecutive days in the presence or absence of corticoid-receptor antagonist RU-486 and cannabinoid-receptor agonist WIN55,212-2. The visceromotor response to colorectal distension was measured. Receptor protein levels were measured and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were used to assess transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) currents in L6-S2 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Mass spectrometry was used to measure endocannabinoid anandamide content. RESULTS: Chronic WA stress was associated with visceral hyperalgesia in response to colorectal distension, increased stool output and reciprocal changes in cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) (decreased) and TRPV1 (increased) receptor expression and function. Treatment of WA stressed rats with RU-486 prevented these changes. Control rats treated with serial injections of corticosterone in situ showed a significant increase in serum corticosterone associated with visceral hyperalgesia, enhanced anandamide content, increased TRPV1, and decreased CB1 receptor protein levels, which were prevented by co-treatment with RU-486. Exposure of isolated control L6-S2 DRGs in vitro to corticosterone reproduced the changes in CB1 and TRPV1 receptors observed in situ, which was prevented by co-treatment with RU-486 or WIN55,212-2. CONCLUSIONS: These results support a novel role for corticosterone to modulate CB1 and TRPV1-receptor pathways in L6-S2 DRGs in the chronic WA stressed rat, which contributes to visceral hyperalgesia observed in this model. Copyright © 2011 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Gastroenterology and referenced in Journal of Clinical Trials

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version