alexa Costs of inflammatory bowel disease in Germany.


Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis

Author(s): Stark R, Knig HH, Leidl R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic condition that afflicts young adults in their economically productive years. The goal of this study was to determine the costs of IBD in Germany from a societal perspective, using cost diaries. METHODS: Members of the German Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis Association who had IBD were recruited by post, and those who agreed to participate documented their IBD-associated costs prospectively in a diary over 4 weeks. They documented their use of healthcare facilities, medications, sick leave and out-of-pocket expenditures, as well as general demographic information, the status and history of their IBD, and long-term disability. Item costs were calculated according to national sources. Cost data were calculated using non-parametric bootstrapping and presented as mean costs (year 2004) over 4 weeks. RESULTS: The cost diaries were returned by 483 subjects (Crohn's disease: n = 241, ulcerative colitis: n = 242) with a mean age of 42 years and an average disease duration of 13 years (SD +/- 8.09). The cost diaries were regarded as 'easy to complete' by 89\% of participants. The mean 4-week costs per subject were 1,425 Euros(95\% CI 1201, 1689) for Crohn's disease and 1,015 Euros(95\% CI 832, 1258) for ulcerative colitis. Of the total costs for Crohn's disease, 64\% were due to indirect costs such as early retirement or sick leave and 32\% were due to direct medical costs. In contrast, of the total costs for ulcerative colitis, 41\% were due to direct medical costs and 54\% to indirect costs. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first comprehensive cost study for Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis in Germany. The most important economic factors that influenced the cost profiles of both diseases were the long-term productivity losses due to an ongoing inability to work and the cost of medications. Results indicate significant cost differences between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. This data provides initial cost estimates that can be analysed further with respect to cost determinants and disease-specific costs in the future.
This article was published in Pharmacoeconomics and referenced in Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version