alexa Co-transplantation of islets with mesenchymal stem cells in microcapsules demonstrates graft outcome can be improved in an isolated-graft model of islet transplantation in mice.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

Author(s): Kerby A, Jones ES, Jones PM, King AJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND AIMS: Co-transplantation of islets with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been shown to improve graft outcome in mice, which has been partially attributed to the effects of MSCs on revascularization and preservation of islet morphology. Microencapsulation of islets provides an isolated-graft model of islet transplantation that is non-vascularized and prevents islet aggregation to preserve islet morphology. The aim of this study was to investigate whether MSCs could improve graft outcome in a microencapsulated/isolated-graft model of islet transplantation. METHODS: Mouse islets and kidney MSCs were co-encapsulated in alginate, and their function was assessed in vitro. A minimal mass of 350 syngeneic islets encapsulated alone or co-encapsulated with MSCs (islet+MSC) were transplanted intraperitoneally into diabetic mice, and blood glucose concentrations were monitored. Capsules were recovered 6 weeks after transplantation, and islet function was assessed. RESULTS: Islets co-encapsulated with MSCs in vitro had increased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and content. The average blood glucose concentration of transplanted mice was significantly lower by 3 weeks in the islet+MSC group. By week 6, 71\% of the co-encapsulated group were cured compared with 16\% of the islet-alone group. Capsules recovered at 6 weeks had greater glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and insulin content in the islet+MSC group. CONCLUSIONS: MSCs improved the efficacy of microencapsulated islet transplantation. Using an isolated-graft model, we were able to eliminate the impact of MSC-mediated enhancement of revascularization and preservation of islet morphology and demonstrate that the improvement in insulin secretion and content is sustained in vivo and can significantly improve graft outcome. Copyright © 2013 International Society for Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Cytotherapy and referenced in Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords