Author(s): Mukhopadhyay D, Houchen CW, Kennedy S, Dieckgraefe BK, Anant S
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Abstract Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression is translationally silenced in epithelial cells undergoing radiation-induced apoptosis. CUGBP2, a predominantly nuclear protein, is also rapidly induced in response to radiation and translocates to the cytoplasm. Antisense-mediated suppression of CUGBP2 renders radioprotection through a COX-2-dependent prostaglandin pathway, providing an in vivo demonstration of translation inhibition activity for CUGBP2. CUGBP2 binds to two sets of AU-rich sequences (AREs) located within the first sixty nucleotides of the COX-2 3' untranslated region (3'UTR). Upon binding, CUGBP2 stabilizes a chimeric luciferase-COX-2 3'UTR mRNA but inhibits its translation. These findings identify a novel paradigm for RNA binding proteins in facilitating opposing functions of mRNA stability and translation inhibition and reveal a mechanism for inhibiting COX-2 expression in cancer cells.
This article was published in Mol Cell
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy