Author(s): Schwindinger WF, Fredericks J, Watkins L, Robinson H, Bathon JM,
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Abstract Parathyroid hormone (PTH) elicits many of its physiological effects by activating distinct, G-protein-coupled signaling cascades that lead to synthesis of cyclic AMP and hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. Using the nonhydrolyzable photo-reactive GTP analog [alpha-32P]GTP-gamma-azidoanilide (GTP-AA) and peptide antisera raised against G-protein alpha-subunits, we studied coupling of the PTH receptor to G-proteins in rat osteoblast-like cells (ROS 17/2.8), and in human embryonal kidney cells expressing the cloned human PTH/parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) receptor at 40,000 receptors/cell (C20) or 400,000 receptors/cell (C21). Incubation of C21 membranes (but not C20 membranes) with [Nle8,18, Tyr34]-bovine PTH(1-34) amide (bPTH[1-34]) led to concentration-dependent incorporation of GTP-AA into the two isoforms of G alpha s, into G alpha q/11, and to a much lesser extent into G alpha i(1). In ROS 17/2.8 cells, bPTH(1-34) increased the incorporation of GTP-AA into G alpha s, but not into G alpha q/11 or G alpha i. The ability of bPTH(1-34) to increase labeling of G alpha s and G alpha q/11 was correlated with the receptor-dependent sensitivity of the adenylyl cyclase and phospholipase C signaling pathways to the hormone.
This article was published in Endocrine
and referenced in Advancements in Genetic Engineering