alexa Covalency in the f Element−Chalcogen Bond. Computational Studies of M[N(EPR2)2]3 (M = La, Ce, Pr, Pm, Eu, U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm; E = O, S, Se, Te; R = H, iPr, Ph)


Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology

Author(s): Kieran I M Ingram, Matthew J Tassell, Andrew J Gaunt, Nikolas Kaltsoyannis

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The geometric and electronic structures of the title complexes have been studied using scalar relativistic, gradient-corrected density functional theory. Extension of our previous work on six-coordinate M[N(EPH2)2]3 (M = La, Ce, U, Pu; E = O, S, Se, Te), models for the experimentally characterized M[N(EPiPr2)2]3, yields converged geometries for all of the other 4f and 5f metals studied and for all four group 16 elements. By contrast, converged geometries for nine-coordinate M[N(EPPh2)2]3 are obtained only for E = S and Se. Comparison of the electronic structures of six- and nine-coordinate M[N(EPH2)2]3 suggests that coordination of the N atoms produces only minor changes in the metal−chalcogen interactions. Six-coordinate Eu[N(EPH2)2]3 and Am[N(EPH2)2]3 with the heavier group 16 donors display geometric and electronic properties rather different from those of the other members of the 4f and 5f series, in particular, longer than expected Eu−E and Am−E bond lengths, smaller reductions in charge difference between M and E down group 16, and larger f populations. The latter are interpreted not as evidence of f-based metal−ligand covalency but rather as being indicative of ionic metal centers closer to MII than MIII. The Cm complexes are found to be very ionic, with very metal-localized f orbitals and CmIII centers. The implications of the results for the separation of the minor actinides from nuclear wastes are discussed, as is the validity of using LaIII/UIII comparisons as models for minor actinide/Eu systems.

This article was published in Inorganic Chemistry and referenced in Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology

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