alexa Covalent modification of human P-glycoprotein mutants containing a single cysteine in either nucleotide-binding fold abolishes drug-stimulated ATPase activity.


Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Loo TW, Clarke DM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The ATPase activity of P-glycoprotein is inactivated by N-ethylmaleimide (NEM), which is postulated to modify cysteine residues within either of the homology A consensus sequences for nucleotide binding (GNSGCGKS and GSSGCGKS, respectively) (Al-Shawi, M. K., Urbatsch, I. L., and Senior, A. E. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 8986-8992). To test this postulate as well as determine the contribution of either nucleotide-binding domain to function, a Cys-less mutant was constructed, and then a single cysteine residue was reintroduced back into each nucleotide-binding consensus sequence. We then tested the sensitivity of the ATPase activity of each mutant to covalent modification by NEM. It was found that covalent modification of a single cysteine residue within either nucleotide-binding consensus sequence (Cys-431 and Cys-1074, respectively) with NEM inhibited drug-stimulated ATPase activity of P-glycoprotein. The concentrations of NEM required for half-maximal inactivation of ATPase activity were 7 and 35 microM for mutants Cys-431 and Cys-1074, respectively. In both cases, inactivation of ATPase activity by NEM was prevented by ATP. These results suggest that both nucleotide-binding domains may need to bind ATP to couple drug binding to ATPase activity.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version