Author(s): Cao D, Bromberg PA, Samet JM
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Abstract Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays an important role in the inflammatory response induced by physiologic and stress stimuli. Exposure to diesel exhaust particulate matter (DEP) has been shown to induce pulmonary inflammation and exacerbate asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. DEP is a potent inducer of inflammatory reponses in human airway epithelial cells. The mechanism through which DEP inhalation induces inflammatory mediator expression is not understood. In this report, we demonstrate that DEP can induce the expression of COX-2 gene in a human bronchial epithelial cell line (BEAS-2B) at both transcriptional and protein levels. The induction of COX-2 gene expression involves chromatin modification, in particular acetylation and deacetylation of histones. We show that exposure to DEP increases the acetylation of histone H4 associated with the COX-2 promoter and causes degradation of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1). Further, we establish that HDAC1 plays a pivotal role in mediating the transcriptional activation of the COX-2 gene in BEAS-2B cells exposed to DEP, supported by evidence that the down-regulation of HDAC1 using siRNA leads to activation of COX-2 gene expression, whereas overexpression of HDAC1 results in its repression. Finally, DEP exposure induced recruitment of histone acetyltransferase (HAT) p300 to the promoter of the COX-2 gene, suggesting that acetylation is also important in regulating its expression in response to DEP exposure. These results show for the first time acetylation via selective degradation of HDAC1, and that recruitment of HAT plays an important role in DEP-induced expression of the COX-2 gene.
This article was published in Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol
and referenced in Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research