Author(s): Jinushi M, Takehara T, Kanto T, Tatsumi T, Groh V, , Jinushi M, Takehara T, Kanto T, Tatsumi T, Groh V,
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Abstract Dendritic cells (DCs) augment effector functions of NK cells, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Here we show in an in vitro coculture system that human monocyte-derived DCs enhance IFN-gamma production, CD69 expression, and K562 cytolytic ability of NK cells when DCs are prestimulated with various maturation stimuli such as IFN-alpha or LPS. Of interest is the finding that NK cell activation mediated by LPS-stimulated DCs was dependent on IL-12 produced in DC/NK coculture, but that IFN-alpha-stimulated DC-mediated activation was not. Alternatively, MHC class I-related chain A and B (MICA/B), ligands for NKG2D activating receptor, were found to be induced on DCs upon IFN-alpha stimulation and to be responsible for the NK activation because mAb-mediated masking of MICA/B as well as inhibition of direct cell-to-cell contact using transwell insert completely abolished DC-dependent NK cell activation by IFN-alpha. Finally, DCs recovered from chronic hepatitis C virus-infected patients showed defects in the induction of MICA/B and impaired ability to activate NK cells in response to IFN-alpha stimulation. These findings suggested that MICA/B induction on DCs may be one of the mechanisms by which IFN-alpha activates NK cells; this impairment might affect IFN-alpha responsiveness in hepatitis C virus infection.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Immunome Research