alexa Cross-protection studies with three serotypes of Pasteurella haemolytica in the goat model.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Purdy CW, Cooley JD, Straus DC

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Cross-protection studies employing three serotypes of Pasteurella haemolytica (Ph) were performed in goats, with challenge exposure by transthoracic injection. Indirect hemagglutination (IHA) serum titers showed that the herd had been naturally infected with Ph biovar A, serovar 2 (PhA2) prior to the study. Sixty-four weanling male Spanish goats were randomly allotted to 16 groups. Fifteen goats were given two transthoracic injections into the lungs 21 days apart with live Pasteurella haemolytica biovar A, serovar 1 (PhA1) in agar beads. Fifteen goats were given two transthoracic injections into the lungs 21 days apart with live PhA2 in agar beads. Sixteen goats were given two transthoracic injections into the lungs 21 days apart with live P. haemolytica biovar A, serovar 6 (PhA6) in agar beads. Eighteen control (CON) goats were given two transthoracic injections into the lungs 21 days apart with agar beads alone. Fourteen days after the second injection, goats were challenge-exposed to either live PhA1, PhA2, or PhA6 by transthoracic injection into the lung, and 4 days later, all goats were euthanatized and necropsied. Serum antibody to P. haemolytica antigens was measured throughout the experiment. Mean volumes of consolidated lung tissue for the CON goats challenged with PhA1, PhA2, and PhA6 were 28.29 cm3, 8.36 cm3, and 16.29 cm3, respectively. Mean volumes of consolidated lung tissue for the PhA1-immunized goats challenged with PhA1, PhA2, and PhA6 were 4.38 cm3, 0.25 cm3, and 1.90 cm3, respectively. Mean volumes of consolidated lung tissue for the PhA2-immunized goats challenged with PhA1, PhA2, and PhA6 were 9.68 cm3, 0.05 cm3, and 3.39 cm3, respectively. Mean volumes of consolidated lung tissue for the PhA6-immunized goats challenged with PhA1, PhA2, and PhA6 were 14.05 cm3, 1.27 cm3, and 4.53 cm3, respectively. These data demonstrate protection in immunized goats challenged with the homologous serotype of P. haemolytica. PhA1-immunized animals were protected against serotype 2 challenge as well as against serotype 6 challenge. PhA2-immunized animals were not protected against serotype 1 challenge, but were protected against transthoracic PhA6 challenge. PhA6-immunized animals were not protected against serotype 1 challenge, but were protected against transthoracic PhA2 challenge. There appears to be some cross-protection among the P. haemolytica serotypes, and this fact should be taken into consideration when developing vaccines against this organism.

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This article was published in Curr Microbiol. and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

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