alexa Cross-reactive adaptive immune response to oral commensal bacteria results in an induction of receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL)-dependent periodontal bone resorption in a mouse model.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Kawai T, Paster BJ, Komatsuzawa H, Ernst CW, Goncalves RB,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The present study examined whether induction of an adaptive immune response to orally colonizing non-pathogenic Pasteurella pneumotropica by immunization with the phylogenetically closely related bacterium, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, can result in periodontal bone loss in mice. METHODS: BALB/c mice harboring P. pneumotropica (P. pneumotropica(+) mice) in the oral cavity or control P. pneumotropica-free mice were immunized with fixed A. actinomycetemcomitans. The animals were sacrificed on day 30, and the following measurements were carried out: (i) serum immunoglobulin G and gingival T-cell responses to A. actinomycetemcomitans and P. pneumotropica; (ii) periodontal bone loss; and (iii) identification of receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) -positive T cells in gingival tissue. RESULTS: Immunization with A. actinomycetemcomitans induced a significantly elevated serum immunoglobulin G response to the 29-kDa A. actinomycetemcomitans outer membrane protein (Omp29), which showed strong cross-reactivity with P. pneumotropica OmpA compared to results in the control non-immunized mice. The A. actinomycetemcomitans-immunized P. pneumotropica(+) mice developed remarkable periodontal bone loss in a RANKL-dependent manner, as determined by the abrogation of bone loss by treatment with osteoprotegerin-Fc. The T cells isolated from the gingival tissue of A. actinomycetemcomitans-immunized P. pneumotropica(+) mice showed an in vitro proliferative response to both A. actinomycetemcomitans and P. pneumotropica antigen presentation, as well as production of soluble(s)RANKL in the culture supernatant. Double-color confocal microscopy demonstrated that the frequency of RANKL(+) T cells in the gingival tissue of A. actinomycetemcomitans-immunized P. pneumotropica(+) mice was remarkably elevated compared to control mice. CONCLUSION: The induction of an adaptive immune response to orally colonizing non-pathogenic P. pneumotropica results in RANKL-dependent periodontal bone loss in mice. This article was published in Oral Microbiol Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords