alexa Cross-reactive IgE antibody responses to tropomyosins from Ascaris lumbricoides and cockroach.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Allergy & Therapy

Author(s): Santos AB, Rocha GM, Oliver C, Ferriani VP, Lima RC

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BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that infection with Ascaris lumbricoides may promote development of allergy and asthma. OBJECTIVE: To study the role of tropomyosin, a pan-allergen in invertebrates, in IgE responses to A lumbricoides. METHODS: Recombinant A lumbricoides and Periplaneta americana tropomyosins were expressed in Pichia pastoris. Levels of IgE to tropomyosins from A lumbricoides and P americana were determined by chimeric ELISA in sera from 119 children living in a parasite-endemic area and 112 patients with cockroach allergy from the allergy clinics. Presence of tropomyosin in A lumbricoides larvae at L3 stage was evaluated by immunofluorescence using mAb 1A6, directed against mite tropomyosin. Molecular modeling of P americana and A lumbricoides tropomyosins was performed by using the MODELLER program. RESULTS: A lumbricoides tropomyosin showed 69% to 98% sequence identity to tropomyosins from other invertebrates. The predicted structure of A lumbricoides tropomyosin was similar to that of P americana tropomyosin and showed the characteristic coiled-coil structure. Strong correlation was found for IgE antibodies to tropomyosins from A lumbricoides and P americana in sera from children living in a parasite-endemic area and from patients with cockroach allergy. Larvae of A lumbricoides reacted strongly with mAb 1A6. CONCLUSION: Tropomyosin induces IgE responses in A lumbricoides-infected children and in patients allergic to cockroach.

This article was published in J Allergy Clin Immunol. and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy

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