Author(s): Pines A, Bivi N, Romanello M, Damante G, Kelley MR,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The Early Growth Response protein (Egr-1) is a C(2)H(2)-zinc finger-containing transcriptional regulator involved in the control of cell proliferation and apoptosis. Its DNA-binding activity is redox regulated in vitro through the oxidation-reduction of Cys residues within its DNA-binding domain. APE/Ref-1 is a DNA-repair enzyme with redox modulating activities on several transcription factors. In this study, by evaluating the effects of different stimuli, we found a similar timing of activation being suggestive for a common and co-linear regulation for the two proteins. Indeed, we show that APE/Ref-1 increases the Egr-1 DNA-binding activity in unstimulated osteoblastic HOBIT cells. H(2)O(2) stimulation induces a strong interaction between Egr-1 and APE/Ref-1 at early times upon activation, as assayed by immunoprecipitation experiments. By using a cell transfection approach, we demonstrated the functional role of this interaction showing that two specific Egr-1 target genes, the PTEN phosphatase and the thymidine kinase (TK) genes promoters, are activated by contransfection of APE/Ref-1. Interestingly, by using a cell transfection approach and Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, we were able to demonstrate that Egr-1 stimulates the transcriptional activity of APE/Ref-1 gene promoter by a direct interaction with specific DNA-binding site on its promoter. Taken together, our data delineate a new molecular mechanism of Egr-1 activation occurring soon after H(2)O(2) stimulation in osteoblastic cells and suggest a model for a positive loop between APE/Ref-1 and Egr-1 that could explain the early transcriptional activation of APE/Ref-1 gene expression.
This article was published in Free Radic Res
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics