alexa Crosstalk between p53 and nuclear factor-B systems: pro- and anti-apoptotic functions of NF-B.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Puszynski K, Bertolusso R, Lipniacki T

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Abstract Nuclear factors p53 and NF-B control many physiological processes including cell cycle arrest, DNA repair, apoptosis, death, innate and adaptive immune responses, and inflammation. There are numerous pathways linking these systems and there is a bulk of evidence for cooperation as well as for antagonisms between p53 and NF-B. In this theoretical study, the authors use earlier models of p53 and NF-B systems and construct a crosstalk model of p53-NF-B network in order to explore the consequences of the two-way coupling, in which NF-B upregulates the transcription of p53, whereas in turn p53 attenuates transcription of NF-B inhibitors IB and A20. We consider a number of protocols in which cells are stimulated by tumour necrosis factor- (TNF) (that activates NF-B pathway) and/or gamma irradiation (that activates p53 pathway). The authors demonstrate that NF-B may have both anti- and pro-apoptotic roles. TNF stimulation, preceding DNA damaging irradiation, makes cells more resistant to irradiation-induced apoptosis, whereas the same TNF stimulation, when preceded by irradiation, increases the apoptotic cell fraction. The finding suggests that diverse roles of NF-B in apoptosis and cancer could be related to the dynamical context of activation of p53 and NF-B pathways. [Includes supplementary material]. This article was published in IET Syst Biol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

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