alexa Cross-talks between cyclooxygenase-2 and tumor suppressor protein p53: Balancing life and death during inflammatory stress and carcinogenesis.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): de Moraes E, Dar NA, de Moura Gallo CV, Hainaut P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Overexpression of Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is observed in most tumor types. Increased COX-2 activity and synthesis of prostaglandins stimulates proliferation, angiogenesis, invasiveness and inhibits apoptosis. Many stress and proinflammatory signals induce COX-2 expression, including oxyradicals or DNA-damaging agents. The latter also induces p53, a transcription factor often inactivated by mutation in cancer. Several studies have identified complex cross-talks between p53 and COX-2, whereby p53 can either up- or down-regulate COX-2, which in turn controls p53 transcriptional activity. However, the molecular basis of these effects are open to debate, in particular since no p53 binding sequences have been identified in COX-2 regulatory regions. In this review, we summarize the molecular mechanisms by which COX-2 contributes to carcinogenesis and discuss the experimental set-up, results and conclusions of studies analyzing cross-talks between p53 and COX-2. We propose 2 scenarios accounting for overexpression of COX-2 in precursor and cancer lesions. In the "inflammatory" scenario, p53, activated by DNA damage induced by oxygen and nitrogen species, recruits NF-kappaB to activate COX-2, resulting in antiapoptotic effects that contribute to cell expansion in inflammatory precursor lesions. In the "constitutive proliferation" scenario, oncogenic stress due to activation of growth signaling cascades may upregulate COX-2 promoter independently of NF-kappaB and p53, synergizing with TP53 mutation to promote cancer progression. These 2 scenarios, although not mutually exclusive, may account for the diversity of the correlations between COX-2 expression and TP53 mutation, which vary according to cancer types and biological contexts, and have implications for the use of COX-2 inhibitors in cancer prevention and therapy. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. This article was published in Int J Cancer and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords