Author(s): Mathan MM, Venkatesan S, George R, Mathew M, Mathan VI
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Abstract Cryptosporidium was detected more frequently in stool samples from southern Indian children with acute diarrhoea than from matched controls. It was seldom the only pathogen detected and was not associated with clearcut clinical features. The frequency of the protozoon in children under six months of age was higher in controls than in patients with acute diarrhoea. These features suggest that Cryptosporidium is unlikely to be a major cause of acute diarrhoea in this population. Frequency of Cryptosporidium was higher in children who had been given antibiotics and in those with prolonged episodes of diarrhoea. Administration of antibiotics may lead to conditions within the intestinal lumen that favour colonisation by the organism and prolongation of diarrhoeal episodes.
This article was published in Lancet
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology