Author(s): Johannessen SI, Gerna M, Bakke J, Strandjord RE, Morselli PL
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Abstract Serum and CSF samples of patients receiving chronic carbamazepine treatment were analysed. Daily fluctuations in serum levels of carbamazepine and carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide did not appear to be related to the dosage schedule, but some patients tended to have lower fluctuations when the carbamazepine was given more frequently. The epoxide/carbamazepine serum ratios varied greatly from patient to patient, and also fluctuated during the day for the same patient. Carbamazepine and carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide were present in CSF in concentrations ranging from 19 to 34\% and 26 to 71\% of the serum concentrations, respectively. There was a significant relationship between the free fraction of both drugs evaluated in vivo and the CSF/serum ratios. The need for a careful evaluation of the possible clinical effect of the epoxide is stressed.
This article was published in Br J Clin Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology