Author(s): Blair PJ, Riley JL, Levine BL, Lee KP, Craighead N,
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Abstract We have assessed the functional effects of a panel of CTLA-4 mAbs on resting human CD4+ T cells. Our results demonstrate that some CTLA-4 mAbs can inhibit proliferative responses of resting CD4+ cells and cell cycle transition from G0 to G1. The inhibitory effects of CTLA-4 were evident within 4 h, at a time when cell surface CTLA-4 expression remained undetectable. Other CTLA-4 mAbs had no detectable inhibitory effects, indicating that binding of Ab to CTLA-4 alone is not sufficient to mediate down-regulation of T cell responses. Interestingly, while IL-2 production was shut off, inhibitory anti-CTLA-4 mAbs permitted induction and expression of the cell survival gene bcl-X(L). Consistent with this observation, cells remained viable and apoptosis was not detected after CTLA-4 ligation.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology