Author(s): Choi BH, Kim CG, Lim Y, Shin SY, Lee YH
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Abstract Curcumin, a constituent of turmeric, has anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, and chemopreventive effects in several animal tumor models. The expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the mdr gene, is often associated with multidrug resistance (MDR) to unrelated chemotherapeutic drugs in cancer cells. Here, we demonstrate that curcumin down-regulates P-gp expression in multidrug-resistant L1210/Adr cells. Transfection with a series of 5'-deleted constructs of the mdr1b gene promoter indicated that a proximal region between -205 and +42 of the sequence was responsible for the suppression of promoter activity by curcumin. This response might be associated with the inhibition of the phosphatidyinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) signaling pathway by curcumin. Moreover, curcumin reversed the MDR of the L1210/Adr cells. Thus, curcumin can contribute to the reversal of the MDR phenotype, probably due to the suppression of P-gp expression via the inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/NF-kappa B signaling pathway.
This article was published in Cancer Lett
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology