alexa Current concepts about testicular cancer.
Medicine

Medicine

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): van Basten JP, Schrafford Koops H, Sleijfer DT, Pras E, van Driel MF,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In the past 20 years, testicular cancer, which occurs in the young, has become a curable malignancy; 90\% of the patients treated will achieve long-term survival. However, there is a significant morbidity associated with the management of the disease process. The literature was reviewed concerning the current treatment strategies and prognosis, as well as the long-term sequelae of the various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Surveillance has become a key element in the management of patients with a primary (stage I) testicular non-seminoma. Although approximately 25\% of these patients will relapse, 100\% survival can be achieved with cisplatin in combination with etoposide and bleomycin (BEP). Patients with a disseminated non-seminoma are usually treated with 4 courses of BEP; an 80\% survival rate can be achieved. The long-term effects of chemotherapy include Raynaud's phenomenon, acral paraesthesia, hyperlipidaemia, nephrotoxicity, infertility and hormonal disturbances. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection or resection of residual disease following chemotherapy are associated with a low mortality and morbidity rate, ejaculatory dysfunction excepted. However, with specific modifications in technique (e.g. nerve-sparing) antegrade ejaculation can be preserved in the majority of patients. Radiotherapy is used in stage I and II seminoma. With the conventional dose of 25-30 Gy to the retroperitoneal and ipsilateral iliac lymph nodes, temporary dysfunction of the germ and Leydig cells of the remaining testis may occur by scatter radiation. Patients with advanced seminoma are treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy. To date, testicular cancer patients can receive appropriate curative treatment with acceptable acute toxicity, depending on the therapy given. The detrimental effects of late toxicities require careful study and follow-up. However, little attention is paid currently to quality of life aspects, in particular the impact of the disease and its treatment on general well-being, including sexual function.
This article was published in Eur J Surg Oncol and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords