Author(s): Fonseca FF, Tanno FY, Nguyen HT
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Abstract The management of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is varied and remains controversial, which is likely because children with VUR have different risks for urinary tract infection or renal injury. Consequently, the treatment of VUR needs to be individualized based on the patient's characteristics. In this article, the authors review the medical and surgical management options for VUR in the pediatric population. The authors hope to provide a systematic approach to determine which treatment is optimal for a specific patient. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Pediatr Clin North Am
and referenced in Advances in Robotics & Automation