Author(s): Konaka S, Shimizu S, Iizawa M, Ohkawara H, Kato O,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: When the Japanese Organ Transplantation Act was issued, the Japanese Organ Transplantation Network (JOT) was established in 1997. JOT lists recipients, assesses and manages organ donors, and educates publics and headquarters for organ donations. JOT procurement transplant coordinators (PTC) play roles in obtaining consent from relatives for organ donation, donor evaluation and management, organ recovery management, organ transport, and care of donor families during and after donation. Every prefecture has at least one PTC who is mainly working in public education and hospital development. They also help the JOT PTC at the time of organ procurement. Most prefectures commission hospital staff in the procurement hospital to be an in-hospital PTC (In-Hp PTC), who make their hospital staff aware of organ donation and support organ procurement. Although the Act was revised in 2010 with brain-dead organ donation increased from 13 to 44 cases yearly, the number was still extremely smaller than other developed countries. In these circumstances, In-Hp PTC may play greater roles to increase donation and smooth procurement procedures Our primary aim was to describe the current status of In-Hp PTC in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 15, 2011, and January 31, 2012, we invited 1889 In-Hp PTC to complete a letter survey using a self-designed questionnaire. In all, 56 In-Hp PTC (40\%) completed and returned it. RESULTS: The occupation of the respondents was nurse (66\%), physician (18\%), or other (16\%). Although 52\% of respondents belonged to the hospital, which was designated for brain-death organ donation by the government, only 46\% had any experience with a cadaveric donor. Only 2\% were full-time In-Hp PTC. They mainly played a role in preparing their own manual for organ procurement (57\%), providing in-hospital lectures (44\%) or their own simulation exercise (29\%), as well as coordinating donation cases. Although 77\% had attended seminar about organ donation provided by JOT or the prefecture PTC, 93\% wanted more professional education. However, it was difficult for them to attend these activities, to manage a rare and sudden donation case, and to find time to learn about organ donation because they had another post. The topics that they wanted to learn were donor family care (72\%), overall organ/tissue donation procedures (65\%), the role of In-Hp PTC (67\%), simulations of donation (65\%), legislation and social system of organ donation (61\%), medical indications for donation (61\%), current status of donation and transplantation in Japan (57\%), donor management (56\%), and case studies (49\%). There were significant variations in the topics of interest among the occupations. As they had another post, they could find only a short period (1 or 2 days) to take professional education, such as lectures. Therefore, it was difficult for them to attend practical on-the-job training. CONCLUSIONS: To establish an organ procurement system and increase organ donation, In-Hp PTC have important roles in Japan. However, none is a full-time In-Hp PTC. Most In-Hp PTC require more professional education. A systematic education program for each occupation must be established soon. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Transplant Proc
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports