alexa Current therapy of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Journal of Neonatal Biology

Author(s): Rush MG, Hazinski TA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In summary, little progress has been made in the past several years with respect to the treatment of the baby with BPD. The conduct of convincing clinical research seems to be a casualty of budget cuts and a rush to learn the tools of molecular biology. To date, there are no clinical trials that have convincingly demonstrated that long-term diuretic, bronchodilator, vasodilator, or antioxidant therapy is effective in the treatment of chronic BPD. Short-term corticosteroid therapy hastens extubation, but long-term outcome is unaffected and serious questions remain about its safety. Multicenter clinical trials should be carefully designed and implemented to address the values of these therapies. In the design of these trials, care should be taken to stratify treatment groups for known risk factors for BPD. What are the future directions for the treatment of BPD? It is hoped that new BPD treatment strategies will be based on an improved understanding of mechanisms of lung repair and inflammation. Enzyme, gene, cytokine, antioxidant, and antiprotease therapies are being developed in animal models of lung injury. In addition, the use of lung transplantation has begun to be explored for severe cases of BPD. It is also possible, as has occurred in many chronic idiopathic diseases, that nonspecific treatment may prove beneficial. Perhaps it is only a matter of time before intravenous immunoglobulin, cyclosporine, methotrexate, or "biological response modifiers" will be administered to infants with severe BPD. For example, there is anecdotal evidence that recombinant human growth hormone may improve respiratory muscle function in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. In the absence of convincing clinical trials, the clinician should reserve existing therapies for the ventilator-dependent infant or infants whose high oxygen requirement is prohibiting discharge or resulting in complex home care or frequent rehospitalizations. It should be emphasized that continuous oxygen therapy combined with avoidance of environmental inhalant and infectious hazards have the strongest rationale and widest margin of safety for treatment of the infant with BPD. Ironically, oxygen therapy is frequently underutilized and discontinued too rapidly. Early discontinuation of oxygen therapy with alveolar hypoxia results in feeding difficulty, slow growth, nutrient malabsorption, bronchoconstriction, and pulmonary hypertension. Oxygen therapy, although more cumbersome and certainly less glamorous than other pharmacologic agents, remains the essential element of BPD care.
This article was published in Clin Perinatol and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Infancy, Child Nutrition & Development (ICND)
    October 16-18, 2017 (20 Forums, 3 Days- 1 Event) New York, USA
  • 20th International Conference on Neonatology and Perinatology
    December 04-06, 2017 Madrid, Spain

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords