Author(s): Purvis RS, Tyring SK
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Cutaneous or subcutaneous endometriosis is a rare entity that should be suspected in any female presenting with cyclic pain emanating from a mass in the vicinity of an abdominal surgical scar or the umbilicus. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to examine the diagnostic procedures for endometriosis and to review the therapeutic value of surgical excision alone or in combination with hormonal treatment. METHODS: Endometriosis presenting cutaneously in an infraumbilical laparoscopy scar and endometriosis occurring subcutaneously in a cesarean section scar were both diagnosed via incisional biopsy. Both lesions were treated with hormonal therapy followed by surgical excision. RESULTS: Hormonal therapy with danazol or with leuprolide resulted in reduction of symptoms but was associated with amenorrhea in both cases and with dyspareunia in the second patient. Subsequent laparoscopy and surgical excision of the endometrioma were curative. CONCLUSION: Preoperative hormonal therapy, although sometimes associated with such side effects as amenorrhea, may be used in cases of large endometriotic masses to reduce the size of the surgical defect, but surgical excision remains the treatment of choice.
This article was published in J Dermatol Surg Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports