alexa Cutaneous immunological activation elicited by a low-fluence pulsed dye laser.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Author(s): Omi T, Kawana S, Sato S, Takezaki S, Honda M,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Three years ago, the nonablative wrinkle reduction laser (a 585-nm laser, Chromogenex V3; Chromogenex Light Technologies, Llanelli, U.K.) was developed, and there have already been several reports about its clinical effectiveness. The Chromogenex V3 laser has also been reported to be effective in treating acne and atopic dermatitis. These results suggest that the Chromogenex V3 laser has some immunological role. In this study, we investigated immunological changes elicited by laser irradiation at the ultrastructural level and by analysis of interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-4 mRNA in skin homing T lymphocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight healthy adult volunteers (mean age 56.3 years, range 25-66 years) were recruited for this study. Ultrastructural analysis was done 3 h after the laser irradiation, as well as 1 day, 3 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 5 weeks later. IL-2 and IL-4 mRNAs in skin homing T cells cultured for 6 weeks were semiquantitatively measured using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Ultrastructural observations revealed that at 3 h after laser therapy, neutrophils, monocytes and mast cells could already be seen in the extravascular dermis. These dermal acute inflammatory changes were observed also at 1 week after laser treatment. Two weeks after laser treatment, the capillaries showed an almost normal structure. Four weeks after laser treatment, many lymphocytes and fibroblasts were observed. The numbers of these lymphocytes increased further at 5 weeks after the laser treatment. One week after the laser irradiation, all subjects were positive for IL-2 mRNA and for IL-4 mRNA. The level of IL-4 mRNA was larger compared with that of IL-2 mRNA in all subjects. CONCLUSION: The Chromogenex V3 is a 585-nm visible light laser, and it may affect the skin not only by selective photothermolysis but also by direct cutaneous immunological activation. This article was published in Br J Dermatol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

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