Author(s): Rab Ma, Azmi Fa, Iqbal J, Hamid J, Ghafoor A
The incidence and prevalence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, sandfly vector and rodent reservoir species, were studied in Uthal, South Baluchistan. Four hundred and eighteen school children (5 16 years of age) were examined. Five (1. 1 %) had active lesions and lit (26.5 %) had scars resulting from past infection of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. A total of 432 sandf lies were collected from the rodent burrows by placing 157 sticky traps at six different places. disease is caused by the bite of an infected Two species of Phiebotomus and four species of Sergentomyia group of sandf lies were identified. Ten of the eleven rodents trapped alive belonged to the Meriones Spp. and the remaining identified as Tatera indica. Smears prepared from the ears of the animals were positive for amastigotes in one (Tatera indica). Sections of liver and spleen from all eleven rodents failed to reveal amastigotes. (JPMA 36: 134,1986).