Author(s): M Farahmand, Mehdi Assmar, Hossein Nahrevanian
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is a one of major health problems world wide. In Iran it is endemic in many parts of Iran. In the present study the frequency of CL were assessed in patients referred to the Department of Parasitology, Pasteur Institute of Iran in Tehran. Initial personal and clinical information including age, gender, occupation, place of residence and number of lesions all were recorded in a questionnaire sheet. Patients with ulcerative skin lesions were examined for CL by using both direct microscopic examination and culture methods. Leishman body was observed in 43.4% out of 322 patients by direct smear and 45.34% by cultivation. In this study some cases of none healing leishmaniasis were observed. Most of patients have traveled to Kashan city that is one of the endemic areas for CL located in center of Iran. The results indicated that although CL is endemic in many parts of Iran and most of cases are diagnosed by direct microscopy, no significant differences were found in compare to culture method. It is recommended that parasitological and clinical information of CL could be useful before treatment.