Author(s): Yamamoto T
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Abstract Rheumatoid arthritis presents various cutaneous manifestations, either specific or nonspecific skin features, which are induced by the activation of inflammatory cells (neutrophils, lymphocytes, macrophages), vasculopathy, vasculitis, acral deformity, drugs, and so on. These include (1) specific findings, (2) findings due to vascular impairment, (3) findings due to immune dysfunction, (4) characteristic neutrophilic conditions, and (5) miscellaneous conditions. On the other hand, some of the specific manifestations show common histopathological features such as palisading granulomas with necrobiosis. It is important to recognize the common and/or uncommon skin conditions of RA for all clinicians associated with RA therapy.
This article was published in Rheumatol Int
and referenced in Rheumatology: Current Research