alexa Cutting edge: Autocrine TGF-beta sustains default tolerogenesis by IDO-competent dendritic cells.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Belladonna ML, Volpi C, Bianchi R, Vacca C, Orabona C,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract CD8(-) and CD8(+) dendritic cells (DCs) are distinct subsets of mouse splenic accessory cells with opposite but flexible programs of Ag presentation, leading to immunogenic and tolerogenic responses, respectively. In this study, we show that the default tolerogenic function of CD8(+) DCs relies on autocrine TGF-beta, which sustains the activation of IDO in response to environmental stimuli. CD8(-) DCs do not produce TGF-beta, yet externally added TGF-beta induces IDO and turns those cells from immunogenic into tolerogenic cells. The acquisition of a suppressive phenotype by CD8(-) DCs correlates with activation of the PI3K/Akt and noncanonical NF-kappaB pathways. These data are the first to link TGF-beta signaling with IDO in controlling spontaneous tolerogenesis by DCs.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords