alexa Cutting edge: down-regulation of MICA on human tumors by proteolytic shedding.


Immunome Research

Author(s): Salih HR, Rammensee HG, Steinle A, Salih HR, Rammensee HG, Steinle A

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Abstract The immunoreceptor NKG2D stimulates tumor immunity through activation of CD8 T cells and NK cells. Its ligand MICA has been shown to be broadly expressed on human tumors of epithelial origin. MICA expression correlates with an enrichment of Vdelta1 T cells in tumor tissue. We report that human tumor cells spontaneously release a soluble form of MICA encompassing the three extracellular domains, which is present at high levels in sera of patients with gastrointestinal malignancies, but not in healthy donors. Release of MICA from tumor cells is blocked by inhibition of metalloproteinases, concomitantly causing accumulation of MICA on the cell surface. Shedding of MICA by tumor cells may modulate NKG2D-mediated tumor immune surveillance. In addition, determination of soluble MICA levels may be implemented as an immunological diagnostic marker in patients with epithelial malignancies.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Immunome Research

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