Author(s): Marwaha AK, Crome SQ, Panagiotopoulos C, Berg KB, Qin H,
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Abstract CD4(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells are essential for immune tolerance, and murine studies suggest that their dysfunction can lead to type 1 diabetes (T1D). Human studies assessing regulatory T cell dysfunction in T1D have relied on analysis of FOXP3-expressing cells. Recently, distinct subsets of CD4(+)FOXP3(+) T cells with differing function were identified. Notably, CD45RA(-)CD25(int)FOXP3(low) T cells lack suppressive function and secrete the proinflammatory cytokine IL-17. Therefore, we evaluated whether the relative fractions of CD4(+)FOXP3(+) subsets are altered in new-onset T1D subjects. We report that children with new-onset T1D have an increased proportion of CD45RA(-)CD25(int)FOXP3(low) cells that are not suppressive and secrete significantly more IL-17 than other FOXP3(+) subsets. Moreover, these T1D subjects had a higher proportion of both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells that secrete IL-17. The bias toward IL-17-secreting T cells in T1D suggests a role for this proinflammatory cytokine in the pathogenesis of disease.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology