Author(s): Ulland TK, Buchan BW, Ketterer MR, FernandesAlnemri T, Meyerholz DK, , Ulland TK, Buchan BW, Ketterer MR, FernandesAlnemri T, Meyerholz DK,
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Abstract The mechanisms by which the intracellular pathogen Francisella tularensis evades innate immunity are not well defined. We have identified a gene with homology to Escherichia coli mviN, a putative lipid II flippase, which F. tularensis uses to evade activation of innate immune pathways. Infection of mice with a F. tularensis mviN mutant resulted in improved survival and decreased bacterial burdens compared to infection with wild-type F. tularensis. The mviN mutant also induced increased absent in melanoma 2 inflammasome-dependent IL-1beta secretion and cytotoxicity in macrophages. The compromised in vivo virulence of the mviN mutant depended upon inflammasome activation, as caspase 1- and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain-deficient mice did not exhibit preferential survival following infection. This study demonstrates that mviN limits F. tularensis-induced absent in melanoma 2 inflammasome activation, which is critical for its virulence in vivo.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense