Author(s): Bolmstedt AJ, OKeefe BR, Shenoy SR, McMahon JB, Boyd MR, Bolmstedt AJ, OKeefe BR, Shenoy SR, McMahon JB, Boyd MR
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Herein we report that the novel HIV-inactivating protein cyanovirin-N (CV-N) targets specific, N-linked high-mannose oligosaccharides found on the viral envelope of HIV-1. First, we released the oligosaccharides by PnGase-treatment of HIV-gp120 (containing high-mannose, hybrid-type and complex-type oligosaccharides) or HSV-1 gC (containing only complex-type). Then, in an affinity chromatographic system, we found that CV-N bound to the free oligosaccharides from gp120 but not from gC-1, suggesting that high-mannose oligosaccharides constitute a target structure for CV-N. This was supported by the affinity of CV-N for high-mannose glycans released from gp120 by endo-H as well as high-mannose glycans released from castanospermine-treated HSV-1 gC. Furthermore, free Man-8 or Man-9 oligosaccharides partially inhibited the binding of CV-N to gp120, although neither oligosaccharides smaller than Man-7 nor monosaccharides interfered with CV-N/gp120 interaction, thereby establishing the oligosaccharide-specific affinity of CV-N to high-mannose glycans. This affinity for high-mannose oligosaccharides may explain the broad antiviral activity of CV-N against human and primate immunodeficiency retroviruses as well as certain other viruses that carry these oligosaccharides.
This article was published in Mol Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research