alexa Cyanovirin-N defines a new class of antiviral agent targeting N-linked, high-mannose glycans in an oligosaccharide-specific manner.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Bolmstedt AJ, OKeefe BR, Shenoy SR, McMahon JB, Boyd MR, Bolmstedt AJ, OKeefe BR, Shenoy SR, McMahon JB, Boyd MR

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Abstract Herein we report that the novel HIV-inactivating protein cyanovirin-N (CV-N) targets specific, N-linked high-mannose oligosaccharides found on the viral envelope of HIV-1. First, we released the oligosaccharides by PnGase-treatment of HIV-gp120 (containing high-mannose, hybrid-type and complex-type oligosaccharides) or HSV-1 gC (containing only complex-type). Then, in an affinity chromatographic system, we found that CV-N bound to the free oligosaccharides from gp120 but not from gC-1, suggesting that high-mannose oligosaccharides constitute a target structure for CV-N. This was supported by the affinity of CV-N for high-mannose glycans released from gp120 by endo-H as well as high-mannose glycans released from castanospermine-treated HSV-1 gC. Furthermore, free Man-8 or Man-9 oligosaccharides partially inhibited the binding of CV-N to gp120, although neither oligosaccharides smaller than Man-7 nor monosaccharides interfered with CV-N/gp120 interaction, thereby establishing the oligosaccharide-specific affinity of CV-N to high-mannose glycans. This affinity for high-mannose oligosaccharides may explain the broad antiviral activity of CV-N against human and primate immunodeficiency retroviruses as well as certain other viruses that carry these oligosaccharides.
This article was published in Mol Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

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