Author(s): Fassbender M, Gerlitzki B, Ullrich N, Lupp C, Klein M,
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Abstract In humans and mice naturally occurring regulatory T cells (nTregs) are crucial for the maintenance of peripheral tolerance by controlling not only potentially autoreactive T cells but virtually all cells of the adaptive and innate immune system. Here we show that co-culture of murine dendritic cells (DC) and nTregs results in an immediate increase of cAMP in DC, responsible for a rapid down-regulation of co-stimulatory molecules (CD80, CD86). In addition, the inhibitory surface molecule B7-H3 on DC is up-regulated. Subsequently, nTreg-derived IL-10 inhibits the cytokine production (IL-6, IL-12) of suppressed DC therewith preserving their silent phenotype. Hence, our data indicate that nTregs effectively control exuberant immune responses by directly limiting the stimulatory capacity of DC via a sophisticated chronologic action of inhibitory signals. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Cell Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology