Author(s): Dyksterhouse SE, Gray JP, Herwig RP, Lara JC, Staley JT
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Abstract Three heterotrophic bacterial strains were isolated from different locations in Puget Sound, Washington, by using biphenyl as the principal carbon source. These strains grow by using a limited number of organic compounds, including the aromatic hydrocarbons naphthalene, phenanthrene, anthracene, and toluene, as sole carbon sources. These aerobic, gram-negative rods are motile by means of single polar flagella. Their 16S rRNA sequences indicate that they are all members of the gamma subdivision of the Proteobacteria. Their closet known relatives are the genera Methylobacter and Methylomonas (genera of methane-oxidizing bacteria), uncultured sulfur-oxidizing symbionts found in marine invertebrates, and clone FL5 containing 16S ribosomal DNA amplified from an environmental source. However, the Puget Sound bacteria do not use methane or methanol as a carbon source and do not oxidize reduced sulfur compounds. Furthermore, a 16S rRNA base similarity comparison revealed that these bacteria are sufficiently different from other bacteria to justify establishment of a new genus. On the basis of the information summarized above, we describe a new genus and species, Cycloclasticus pugetti, for these bacteria; strain PS-1 is the type strain of C. pugetti.
This article was published in Int J Syst Bacteriol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation