alexa Cyclooxygenase type 2 is increased in obstructed rat and human ureter and contributes to pelvic pressure increase after obstruction.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Nrregaard R, Jensen BL, Topcu SO, Nielsen SS, Walter S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Prostanoids exert physiological effects on ureteral contractility that may lead to pressure changes and pain during obstruction. In the present study, we examined whether (1) obstruction changes the expression of the two cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2 in human and rat ureters and (2) administration of a selective COX-2 inhibitor influences the pelvic pressure change after experimental ureteral obstruction. Rats were subjected to bilateral ureter obstruction. Ureters were removed and dissected into a proximal dilated and distal non-dilated segment. RNA and protein were extracted and analyzed for cyclooxygenase expression by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Human ureter samples were obtained from patients undergoing radical nephrectomy. Rat and human ureteral samples were processed for immunohistochemistry. COX-1, but not COX-2 mRNA, was readily detected in the normal rat ureter. COX-2 mRNA and protein expression was increased in the proximal dilated ureter compared to distal non-dilated ureter. This increased COX-2 expression was associated with increased urinary prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) excretion after release of obstruction. Immunohistochemistry showed increased COX-2 labeling in surface epithelium and smooth muscle layers in both rat and human obstructed ureters compared to control ureters. Furthermore, contractile PGE2-EP1 and thromboxane TP receptors were expressed in ureteral smooth muscle. Systemic treatment with the COX-2 selective inhibitor parecoxib (5 mg/kg/day) attenuated the pelvic pressure increase during obstruction. In summary, COX-2 expression is significantly increased in the ureteral wall in response to obstruction in the rat and human ureter and COX-2 activity contributes to increased pelvic pressure after obstruction. This article was published in Kidney Int and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords