alexa Cyclophosphamide enhances the antitumor efficacy of adoptively transferred immune cells through the induction of cytokine expression, B-cell and T-cell homeostatic proliferation, and specific tumor infiltration.


Chemotherapy: Open Access

Author(s): Bracci L, Moschella F, Sestili P, La Sorsa V, Valentini M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: Immunotherapy is a promising antitumor strategy, which can be successfully combined with current anticancer treatments, as suggested by recent studies showing the paradoxical chemotherapy-induced enhancement of the immune response. The purpose of the present work is to dissect the biological events induced by chemotherapy that cooperate with immunotherapy in the success of the combined treatment against cancer. In particular, we focused on the following: (a) cyclophosphamide-induced modulation of several cytokines, (b) homeostatic proliferation of adoptively transferred lymphocytes, and (c) homing of transferred lymphocytes to secondary lymphoid organs and tumor mass. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Here, we used the adoptive transfer of tumor-immune cells after cyclophosphamide treatment of tumor-bearing mice as a model to elucidate the mechanisms by which cyclophosphamide can render the immune lymphocytes competent to induce tumor rejection. RESULTS: The transfer of antitumor immunity was found to be dependent on CD4(+) T cells and on the cooperation of adoptively transferred cells with the host immune system. Of note, tumor-immune lymphocytes migrated specifically to the tumor only in mice pretreated with cyclophosphamide. Cyclophosphamide treatment also promoted homeostatic proliferation/activation of transferred B and T lymphocytes. Optimal therapeutic responses to the transfer of immune cells were associated with the cyclophosphamide-mediated induction of a "cytokine storm" [including granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-7, IL-15, IL-2, IL-21, and IFN-gamma], occurring during the "rebound phase" after drug-induced lymphodepletion. CONCLUSIONS: The ensemble of these data provides a new rationale for combining immunotherapy and chemotherapy to induce an effective antitumor response in cancer patients. This article was published in Clin Cancer Res and referenced in Chemotherapy: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version