Author(s): Hillenkamp J, Kersten A, Althaus C, Sundmacher R
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with severe scleritis who do not respond to high-dose corticosteroid therapy, or who require a daily corticosteroid maintenance dose higher than 30 mg prednisone should be treated by other immunosuppressants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In five patients with various types of severe anterior scleritis a long-term high-dose steroid treatment failed to control scleral inflammation. They therefore received cyclosporin (CsA). Follow-up was 16-26 months. RESULTS: Scleral inflammation and ocular complications were controlled in all patients by a regimen of systemic CsA combined with a low maintenance steroid dose below the Cushing threshold. We observed no side effects under CsA serum levels of 120-150 ng/ml. In only one patient was scleral inflammation totally and lastingly eliminated. CONCLUSIONS: Systemic CsA therapy is of definite therapeutic value in the symptomatic management of steroid refractory severe anterior scleritis without associated systemic disease. Complete healing, however, is achieved only in a minority of cases.
This article was published in Ophthalmologe
and referenced in Journal of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases & Disorders