alexa Cystic fibrosis: a worldwide analysis of CFTR mutations--correlation with incidence data and application to screening.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Author(s): Bobadilla JL, Macek M Jr, Fine JP, Farrell PM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although there have been numerous reports from around the world of mutations in the gene of chromosome 7 known as CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator), little attention has been given to integrating these mutant alleles into a global understanding of the population molecular genetics associated with cystic fibrosis (CF). We determined the distribution of CFTR mutations in as many regions throughout the world as possible in an effort designed to: 1) increase our understanding of ancestry-genotype relationships, 2) compare mutational arrays with disease incidence, and 3) gain insight for decisions regarding screening program enhancement through CFTR multi-mutational analyses. Information on all mutations that have been published since the identification and cloning of the CFTR gene's most common allele, DeltaF508 (or F508del), was reviewed and integrated into a centralized database. The data were then sorted and regional CFTR arrays were determined using mutations that appeared in a given region with a frequency of 0.5\% or greater. Final analyses were based on 72,431 CF chromosomes, using data compiled from over 100 original papers, and over 80 regions from around the world, including all nations where CF has been studied using analytical molecular genetics. Initial results confirmed wide mutational heterogeneity throughout the world; however, characterization of the most common mutations across most populations was possible. We also examined CF incidence, DeltaF508 frequency, and regional mutational heterogeneity in a subset of populations. Data for these analyses were filtered for reliability and methodological strength before being incorporated into the final analysis. Statistical assessment of these variables revealed that there is a significant positive correlation between DeltaF508 frequency and the CF incidence levels of regional populations. Regional analyses were also performed to search for trends in the distribution of CFTR mutations across migrant and related populations; this led to clarification of ancestry-genotype patterns that can be used to design CFTR multi-mutation panels for CF screening programs. From comprehensive assessment of these data, we offer recommendations that multiple CFTR alleles should eventually be included to increase the sensitivity of newborn screening programs employing two-tier testing with trypsinogen and DNA analysis. Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. This article was published in Hum Mutat and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Molecular & Cancer Biomarkers
    August 23-24, 2017 Birmingham, UK
  • 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging and Diagnosis
    London, UK
  • 22nd International Conference on Cancer Drugs and Therapeutics
    Paris, France
  • International Conference on Oncology Nursing and Cancer Care
    Singapore City, Singapore
  • World Summit on Cell Signalling and Cancer Therapy
    Toronto, Canada
  • International Conference on Radiology and Imaging
    New York, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords