alexa Cytochrome P450 2D6: overview and update on pharmacology, genetics, biochemistry.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems

Author(s): Zanger UM, Raimundo S, Eichelbaum M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Of about one dozen human P450 s that catalyze biotransformations of xenobiotics, CYP2D6 is one of the more important ones based on the number of its drug substrates. It shows a very high degree of interindividual variability, which is primarily due to the extensive genetic polymorphism that influences expression and function. This so-called debrisoquine/sparteine oxidation polymorphism has been extensively studied in many different populations and over 80 alleles and allele variants have been described. CYP2D6 protein and enzymatic activity is completely absent in less than 1\% of Asian people and in up to 10\% of Caucasians with two null alleles, which do not encode a functional P450 protein product. The resulting "poor metabolizer" (PM) phenotype is characterized by the inability to use CYP2D6-dependent metabolic pathways for drug elimination, which affect up to 20\% of all clinically used drugs. The consequences are increased risk of adverse drug reactions or lack of therapeutic response. Today, genetic testing predicts the PM phenotype with over 99\% certainty. At the other extreme, the "Ultrarapid Metabolizer" (UM) phenotype can be caused by alleles carrying multiple gene copies. "Intermediate Metabolizers" (IM) are severely deficient in their metabolism capacity compared to normal "Extensive Metabolizers" (EM), but in contrast to PMs they express a low amount of residual activity due to the presence of at least one partially deficient allele. Whereas the intricate genetics of the CYP2D6 polymorphism is becoming apparent at ever greater detail, applications in clinical practice are still rare. More clinical studies are needed to show where patients benefit from drug dose adjustment based on their genotype. Computational approaches are used to predict and rationalize substrate specificity and enzymatic properties of CYP2D6. Pharmacophore modeling of ligands and protein homology modeling are two complementary approaches that have been applied with some success. CYP2D6 is not only expressed in liver but also in the gut and in brain neurons, where endogenous substrates with high-turnover have been found. Whether and how brain functions may be influenced by polymorphic expression are interesting questions for the future. This article was published in Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version