Author(s): Alakulppi NS, Kyllnen LE, Jntti VT, Matinlauri IH, Partanen J,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Pretransplantation identification of patients at an increased risk for adverse events would allow more individualized treatment strategies possibly improving long-term outcome. We studied cytokine gene polymorphisms of kidney allograft recipients and their donors to identify factors predisposing for acute rejection (AR) and delayed graft function (DGF). METHODS: A total of 291 adult cadaver kidney recipients transplanted at a single transplantation centre between 1999 and 2002 were investigated. Recipients and donors were typed for TNF-alpha(-308G/A), TGF-beta1(codon 10T/C, codon 25C/G), IL-10(-1082G/A, -819C/T, -592C/A), IL-6(-174C/G), and IFN-gamma(+874T/A) polymorphisms using a SSP-PCR kit. An AR episode was defined based on clinical and histological findings (Banff criteria). RESULTS.: The incidence of AR was 17\%. In univariate statistical analyses recipients with TNF-alpha -308AA-genotype were found to be at a significantly increased risk for rejection (odds ratio [OR] 5.0, 95\% CI 3.0-8.3, P = 0.003). The association was independent from the patient-donor HLA-mismatch status. In addition, patients with IL-10 ACCACC, ATAATA, GCCATA (-1082A/G, -819C/T, -592C/A, respectively) haplotypes were predisposed to rejection (OR 1.9, 95\% CI 1.1-3.1, P = 0.016). Further, the combination of recipient TGF-beta1 25GG-genotype and donor IL-10 -819T-allele was associated with rejection (OR 1.8, 95\% CI 1.1-3.0, P = 0.027). These variables remained significant risk factors also in a multivariate logistic regression analysis. The incidence of DGF was 22\%. The risk was increased by a donor TNF-alpha -308GA-genotype (OR 1.6, 95\% CI 1.1-2.6, P = 0.040). CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm that cytokine gene polymorphisms influence the outcome of kidney transplantation. Our data especially identify the TNF-alpha -308AA-genotype as a factor predisposing for AR episodes.
This article was published in Transplantation
and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access