alexa Cytokines in response to proteins predicted in genomic regions of difference of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Mycobacterial Diseases

Author(s): Mustafa AS, AlSaidi F, ElShamy AS, AlAttiyah R

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Abstract Cellular immune responses are responsible for both protection and pathogenesis in tuberculosis, and are mediated/regulated by a complex network of pro-inflammatory, T helper (Th) type 1 and type 2 cytokines. In this study, the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and IL-1β; Th1 cytokines interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), IL-2 and tumor necrosis factor-beta (TNF-β); and Th2 cytokines IL-4, IL-5 and IL-10 by the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of pulmonary tuberculosis patients was studied. PBMCs were cultured in vitro in the absence and presence of complex mycobacterial antigens and peptides corresponding to 11 regions of difference (RD) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis that are deleted/absent in all vaccine strains of Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). The culture supernatants were tested for secreted cytokines by FlowCytomix assay. PBMCs from the majority of patients (53-100\%) spontaneously secreted detectable concentrations of all cytokines tested, except for IL2 (29\%) and IL-10 (41\%). The profiles of proinflammatory cytokines were largely similar for various complex antigens or RD peptides. However, with respect to Th1 and Th2 cytokines, the antigens could be divided into three groups; the first with Th1-bias (culture filtrate of M. tuberculosis, RD1, RD5, RD7, RD9 and RD10), the second with Th2-bias (whole cells and cell walls of M. tuberculosis, RD12, RD13 and RD15), and the third without Th1/Th2-bias (M. bovis BCG, RD4, RD6 and RD11). Complex mycobacterial antigens and RD proteins with Th1- and Th2-biases may have roles in protection and pathogenesis of tuberculosis, respectively. © 2011 The Societies and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. This article was published in Microbiol Immunol and referenced in Mycobacterial Diseases

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