alexa Cytology and fluid analysis of the acute abdomen.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): Connally HE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In patients with acute abdominal pain, abdominal paracentesis and diagnostic peritoneal lavage often yield fluid samples for cytologic and biochemical evaluation. Cytology of the effusion from a patient with acute abdominal disease can be a crucial tool for the rapid diagnosis necessary for initiation of timely and appropriate therapy. Appropriate sample collection, handling, and preparation are essential to obtain an accurate diagnosis. Analysis of the fluid sample should include gross examination of the effusion, measurement of total nucleated cell count, packed red blood cell volume, and protein concentration, as well as examination for the presence of other cells, bacteria, food particles, or plant material. Biochemical evaluation should proceed based on the clinician's index of suspicion for a particular disease process. Abdominal effusions are generally classified as transudate, modified transudate, or exudate, depending on the total nucleated cell count and protein concentration. Cytology of all fluids collected should be performed systematically, utilizing progressively higher magnifications with a microscope. Specific diseases with associated abdominal effusions include septic peritonitis, nonseptic peritonitis, hemoabdomen, uroabdomen, pancreatitis, bile peritonitis, chylous effusion, and neoplasia. A complete description of sample preparation and evaluation is reviewed.
This article was published in Clin Tech Small Anim Pract and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords