alexa Cytomegalovirus seroprevalence among solid organ donors in Hungary: correlations with age, gender, and blood group.
Immunology

Immunology

Lupus: Open Access

Author(s): Varga M, Grg D, Kri D, Krnyei E, Kis

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BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is endemic throughout the world, affecting most of the population, but the seroprevalence of CMV is known to vary among countries. CMV causes a mild infection in persons with intact immunity; however, CMV infection in organ transplantation is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The present retrospective study was designed to evaluate the age-, gender-, and blood group-adjusted CMV seroprevalence among solid organ donors, representing fairly the overall Hungarian population (according to Hungarian Central Statistic Institute). This information is important for calculating risk-factors for CMV-seronegative recipients. No nationwide estimates of CMV seroprevalence in Hungary (as a representative of Eastern Middle Europe) have been published yet. METHODS: We investigated 2070 organ donors for CMV seroprevalence by measuring the CMV-specific immunoglobulin G. The donors were divided into 3 age groups (2-20, 21-50, and 51-70 years old). A study was also conducted on a fourth group consisting of 200 residents from an old age home. CMV seroprevalence differences were searched according to age-, gender- and blood-group distribution. RESULTS: The CMV seroprevalence of organ donors is 85% and of all investigated persons is 86%. The age-specific prevalence increases, starting from 72% in the first group to 99% in the fourth group. Seroprevalence of females was found to be significantly higher than of males (P=.0001). CONCLUSION: We have shown that the overall CMV seroprevalence in the Hungarian population is moderately high at 86%. The opportunity for CMV-seronegative recipients to get a graft from a seronegative donor is statistically only 2%. The seroprevalence of the youngest age group is 72% and so it can be concluded that the Hungarian population acquires the infection mainly in childhood or in the early adulthood. Female gender is a risk factor for CMV infection. This fact must be taken into consideration during the planning of patients' follow-up, prophylaxis, and therapy.

This article was published in Transplant Proc and referenced in Lupus: Open Access

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