alexa Cytopathology of liver and in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss after long-term exposure to sublethal concentrations of linuran
Toxicology

Toxicology

Toxicology: Open Access

Author(s): asmina Oulmil, Negele RD, Braunbeck T

Abstract Share this page

Hepatic and renal cytopathological alterations in fingerling rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss following 5 wk exposure to 30, 120, and 240 mu g l(-1) linuron [3(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1-methoxy-1-methylurea] were studied by electron microscopy. Ultrastructural alterations were detected in liver and kidney at greater than or equal to 30 mu g l(-1), 2 orders of magnitude below conventional LC(0). The response suggested a dose-response relationship with a change from adaptive to degenerative features al 120 mu g l(-1). Hepatocyte changes included: stimulation of mitosis; segmentation of nuclei; partial reorganization of heterochromatin; multiplication of nucleoli; fractionation, vesiculation and transformation of rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) into myelinated bodies; induction of smooth endoplasmic reticulum; moderate steatosis; apparent proliferation of mitochondria, peroxisomes, Golgi fields and lysosomal elements; depletion of glycogen; perisinusoidal lipid accumulation; elevated rate of hepatocytes in various stages of necrosis; infiltration and increased phagocytic activity of macrophages. Reactions of renal tubular cells were differentiated in different nephron segments. Major alterations by site in kidney were (1) renal corpuscle: lobulation of podocyte nuclei; (2) proximal segment I: elevated heterogeneity of all cell components, increased heterochromatin and nuclear size, rearrangement of RER, proliferation of Golgi fields, novel lysosomal elements, decreased mitochondria and lysosomes at 240 mu g 1(-1); (3) proximal segment II: nuclear lobulation, binucleated cells, proliferation of lysosomes and peroxisomes (lower concentrations), decreased peroxisomes and mitochondria (240 g mu l(-1)), crystalline inclusions in lysosomal matrix, fragmentation, degranulation and circular arrangement of RER; (4) distal segment: induction of giant mitochondria with longitudinal crystalline inclusions, atypical lysosomes with long crystalline matrix inclusions, and augmentation of various lysosomal elements. Comparison of linuron-induced cellular alterations with cytopathological effects by potential linuron breakdown products, namely 4-chloroaniline and 3,4-dichloroaniline, revealed a high degree of similarity of cytopathological phenomena, indicating that part of the changes observed after linuron exposure might well be due to the action of linuron metabolites.

This article was published in Diseases of Aquatic Organisms and referenced in Toxicology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version